Gentle pressing of clusters with membrane presses followed by immediate skin separation and static cold-settling for clear must. Fermentation in temperature controlled tanks using cultured yeasts. The Charmat process is known as Metodo Charmat-Martinotti (or Metodo Italiano) in Italy, where it was invented and is most used. The wine undergoes “secondary” fermentation in stainless steel tanks or steel vessels covered with vitreous enamel rather than individual bottles, and is bottled under pressure in a continuous process.
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